Wanstead Park - Plant List - Part 3

Notes:

 In "Stace" the numbers indicates the page number of the plant in Stace 2nd Edition

In "Location", letters and figures relate to a grid used for recording purposes

HP = Heronry Pond; OW = Ornamental Water; PP = Perch Pond; SOM = Shoulder of Mutton Pond

Brackets refer to historical records as below:

CC = Epping Forest Conservation Centre

EF = Flora of Essex (Jermyn)

Gibson 1862 = from George Stacey Gibson's "Flora of Essex" published in 1862

L1941 = Recorded by Gulielma Lister in her paper of 1941 (see here)

PEM = Passmore Edwards Museum

 

For Part 1 - click here

For Part 2 - click here

For Map - click here

Stace Species Common Name Location
758
Butomus umbellatus
Flowering Rush
L6 SE edge of Heronry Pond 25/07/96, during prolonged dried-up state. Not seen since. (L.1941)
759 Sagittaria sagittifolia Arrow-head N6 in Roding on east side near to bridge, 1976, 27/07/77 (L.1941) (EF: 48,49 River Roding)
760 Alisma plantago-aquatica Common Water Plantain I6, in Shoulder of Mutton Pond, 09/08/80; L6, one plant NE edge of Heronry Pond on 11/07/81 (prior to re-lining scheme); L10, OW., 08/07/79; M9 in OW opp. The Fortifications, 31/07/77 (L.1941)
760 Alisma lanceolatum Narrow-leaved Water Plantain N6, in Roding near footbridge, 27/07/77; L6, 12/07/92; I6 - a possible record from SOM, 09/08/80 - check species; N6 in Roding near bridge 29/06/96; K6, L6 Heronry Pond - morning-flowering plants, 04/08/96 (G.1862: "Lake near Wanstead" F.)
760
Alisma x rhicnocarpum
Hybrid Water Plantain
K6/L6 Heronry Pond - identified by Rodney Burton 27/07/97
762
Elodea canadensis
Canadian Pondweed
(Heronry Pond and River Roding 1975-78 CP); In OW and SOM, 18/08/79 (L.1941)
767
Potamogeton natans
Broad-leaved Pondweed
(O.W. 24/07/77) Check record
772
Potamogeton trichoides
Hair-like Pondweed
I7 Shoulder of Mutton, 09/08/80
773
Potamogeton pectinatus
Fennel-leaved Pondweed
River Roding, plentiful, 09/08/81
778
Arum maculatum
K7 K9 N6 (L.1941)
778
Arum italicum
I6 by Woodlands Avenue wayleave, 2005 - 2016
780
Lemna minor
In all lakes (L.1941)
780
Lemna trisulca
N6 at west end of OW, 13/09/81; southern arm of OW on 19/5/09 (L.1941)
784
Juncus tenuis
Slender Rush
By north edge of HP, 27/09/04
785
Juncus bufonius
Toad Rush
K6, south edge of Heronry Pond, 09/08/80; K7, north edge of Heronry Pond, 12/07/81
788
Juncus articulatus
K6 south edge of Heronry Pond, 09/08/80; L6 north edge of Heronry Pond, 11/07/81. (On 11/07/81 a specimen from HP was transferred to SoM in I6 preceeding proposed re-lining of HP). Plentiful S. edge of SoM in 2008
790
Juncus inflexus
I7 an isolated patch at N.W. edge of Shoulder of Mutton Pond, 22/06/77. Still present 2008
790
Juncus effusus
I6, by SoM; L6, by Perch Pond; M8 by OW; N8 Bund (L.1941)
790
Juncus conglomeratus
Compact Rush
K6 in what used to be Warren Wood, amongst Soft Rush, 1980; K/L8, apparently increasing, 11/07/81 (L.1941)
791
Luzula campestris
K7, in grass at bottom of Warren Road track and L7 in Temple grounds. (L.1941)
796
Eleocharis palustris
I6 bank of SoM, 01/06/77; N7 Bund; banks of Heronry Pond
797
Bolboschoenus maritimus
K7, a large patch on north edge of Heronry Pond, 23/8/81; L6 south edge of pond, 09/08/80; One or two patches still present in J6 in July 1995; K6 large patches at S. edge of pond and S. of Island, 08/08/98; I6, one patch near SE corner of SoM; large area of this corner in 2008
800
Schoenoplectus sp.
N8 in the River Roding adjacent to the Park, 08/07/2008; I7, west end of Heronry Pond, 30/06/2018
811
Carex otrubae
False Fox-sedge L6 on concrete banks of HP, 18/10/08
814
Carex remota
Various locations around OW including N. end and E. side of L9,05/06/96; M6 E. end of the Dell, 27/07/96; by OW in N6,N7 in 2009 (L.1941)
814
Carex ovalis
Oval Sedge
I6, by S.E. corner of SoM, 11/07/81
815
Carex riparia
L6, west end of Perch Pond, 6/5/77-2011; L9, bank of OW opposite Canal, 23/05/81, 05/06/96; M9 bank of OW opp. The Fortifications
815
Carex hirta
I6 edge of SOM. 18/08/79; J7 in grass north edge of Heronry Pond, 12/06/77; K6 edge of HP, plentiful from cracks in banks, 07/06/81; 05/06/96
816
Carex pendula
I6, one patch in ditch just west of bridge to west of SOM 08/08/98 - no longer present 2003; L6 a number of plants S.W. corner of PP 04/12/04 (EFCC Lloyd 1974)
822
Carex nigra
Numerous patches around Ornamental Waters
840
Nardus stricta
K7 west end of Plain, north edge; M7 towards east end of Plain, 19/05/81; M7 N. edge of the Plain, 27/07/96
845
Festuca rubra
Red Fescue
K8 L7 L8, common at top of Glade, 12/08/79
849
Festuca filiformis
Fine-leaved Sheep's Fescue
L7, on the Plain, abundant south of Lodges, particularly in the "dip", 13/08/80 (EF: 41-87 Wanstead Park)
850
Festuca [longifolia]
Hard Fescue
L7, Plain south of Temple, 01/06/81
852
Lolium perenne
N7 Bund, plentiful; on the Plain, 2009 (L.1941)
854
Cynosurus cristatus
Crested Dog's-tail
L8, Glade, 12/08/79
854
Cynosurus echinatus
Rough Dog's-tail
K/L9, top of the grass bank between Warren Wood and at north end of OW, 23/06/77
858
Poa trivialis
Rough Meadow-grass
I6, common around S.W. edge of SOM; K8, in Chalet Wood near the poplars, 14/05/77; L7 on main track north of lodges, 12/08/79; N7 in the Bund (L.1941)
858
Poa pratensis
Smooth Meadow-grass
K7 edge of Chalet Wood, 14/05/77 (L.1941)
858
Poa annua
Quite common, particularly around the base of some trees (L.1941)
859
Poa nemoralis
Wood Meadow-grass
L6 on western "peninsula" of Perch Pond, 23/06/77
859
Dactylis glomerata
Cock's-foot
N7 Bund, and common in other areas, particularly the Plain (L.1941)
862
Glyceria maxima
I6 edge of Shoulder of Mutton Pond, 22/06/77; L6 forming dense beds at W. end of Perch Pond; M6 in the Dell; On banks of OW, 22/08/76 (L.1941)
863
Glyceria x pedicellata
Hybrid Sweet-grass
J6/7 west end of Heronry Pond, 18/08/79. Same position as G. fluitans was found in 1977; This specimen appears to have smaller anthers (1.8mm) which were open at each end, as in the drawing in Hubbard's "Grasses"
863
Glyceria fluitans
Floating Sweet-grass
J6/7 west end of Heronry Pond, 22/06/77; L6 east end of Heronry Pond, 01/06/81 (L.1941)
864
Arrhenatherum elatius
Tall or False Oat-grass
L7 on the Plain; N7/8 Bund (L.1941)
867
Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted Hair Grass
N7 one large tussock in Bund, 01/06/81 (L.1941)
868
Deschampsia flexuosa
Wavy Hair-grass
L7 Plain south of Temple, 1/6/81; M7 east end of the Plain; M7 north edge of the Plain, 27/07/96 (G.1862 "Wanstead")
868
Holcus mollis
Creeping Soft-grass
L7, track north of keepers lodges, 12/08/79; By SOM, 18/08/79 (L.1941)
868
Holcus lanatus
K8, N7 in Bund (L.1941)
869
Aira praecox
Early Hair Grass
L6 bare gravely soil by path leading N.W. across Plain from Kiosk, 03/06/81; M6 grass track along north edge of Perch Pond, 04/08/96
871
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Sweet Vernal Grass
J7 by path near Heronry Pond, 19/05/81
872
Phalaris arundinacea
Reed Canary Grass
L8/9 in lake near Warren Wood, 12/6/77; M6, the predominant reed-grass of the Dell; N8 in the Bund, 14/05/79 (L.1941)
874
Agrostis capillaris
Common or Fine bent
I6 common around SOM; J6, the dominant grass of the "peninsula" of Perch Pond; M7 north edge of the Plain, 27/07/96 (L.1941)
874
Agrostis gigantea
Black Bent
L6 in dried mud at edge of Heronry Pond, 11/07/81
876
Agrostis vinealis
Brown Bent
K8 at the top of the Glade, 12/08/79; S. edge of Plain opposite Perch Pond, 27/07/96
879
Apera spica-venti
Loose Silky Bent
L9 or L10, in woodland between OW and Roding, near the pump house, a small amount on 23/06/77
880
Alopecurus pratensis
K8, The Glade, 06/04/77; On the Plain (L.1941)
880
Alopecurus geniculatus
Marsh Foxtail
J7 west end of Heronry Pond, 09/08/80; L8 on bank of OW in damp grass patch, 31/05/80 (L.1941)
882
Alopecurus aequalis
Orange Foxtail
J6, K6 west end of Heronry Pond on dried pond bed, 09/08/80; L6 E. end of Heronry Pond - plentiful; and W. end of Perch Pond, 01/05/81 (EF: 40-87 Wanstead Park, plentiful in lake) (G.1862: Near Wanstead,, J.T.S.)
883
Phleum pratense
Timothy
Roding River-bank, 27/07/77 (L.1941)
883
Phleum bertolonii
Smaller Cat's-tail
L8 Glade, 12/08/79; N7 Bund, 12/08/79; O7, west bank of Roding near bridge, 01/07/77
885
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceus
L7, on the Plain; N7 or N8 Bund, 13/06/77; Plain, 2008
888
Anisantha sterilis
H6, stream side in Reservoir Wood; L6 or M6, by park boundary fence near Perch Pond, 06/05/77; L7 on the Plain; L8 in Warren Wood, 12/08/79
892
Elymus caninus
Bearded Couch
L9, in woodland between OW and Roding near pump-house, 23/06/77; M6 at edge of OW near input to new pump 27/07/96 (Rodney Burton)
892
Elytrigia repens ssp. repens
Couch
L9 River Wood; N7/8 in the Bund (L.1941)
895
Hordeum murinum
J6 K6 L6, by Northumberland Avenue (L.1941)
898 Triticum aestivum Wheat I6, A single plant in grass by brambles near north side of Heronry Pond. 30/05/11
900
Phragmites australis
I7, a patch at the east side of SoM, 29/09/09
919 Sparganium erectum Branched Bur-reed East end of Perch Pond, 18/06/05
921
Typha latifolia
I6 S.O.M, 10/08/96.; N6, north side of west end of OW; N7 east bank of OW; L6 SW corner of PP. (L.1941)
928
Tulipa gesneriana
M6, planted by Perch Pond, 30/03/02 - did not persist; H6 by Woodlands Avenue wayleave, seen 2007, still present 5 April 2008
930
Polygonatum x hybridum
L7 a patch in light woodland north of Temple, 4/92. Still present in 2009
934
Hyacinthoides non-scripta
Very common in the park, especially in Chalet Wood and Warren Wood (L.1941)
934
Hyacinthoides hispanica
H6, I6, frequent by Woodlands Avenue wayleave at edge of Reservoir Wood
935
Hyacinthus orientalis
I6 scattered plants by Woodlands Avenue wayleave
935
Muscari spp.
K6 in bay of Heronry Pond near Northumberland Ave, 4/92; L6, near park gates in Northumberland Ave., 08/04/77 - 21/04/79; L6 just south of kiosk beneath trees, 20/03/97
938
Allium triquetrum
N7 by Southern Arm of Ornamental Waters, Wanstead Park, 19/04/07
940 Allium paradoxum Few-flowered Garlic K6, a patch at south side of HP, near parallel path, level with Margaretting Rd, 01/04/05; L6, another patch on the slope towards Perch Pond near Wanstead Park Ave. gate on 17/03/08; still present 14/04/2016
940
Allium ursinum
N7 A single plant by south arm of Ornamental Waters, 3 May 2005; a plant was still present in April 2014
940
Allium vineale
I6 on bank by Woodlands Ave wayleave 05/02/05 (check species)
941
Nectaroscordum siculum
N6, a single plant in the ditch by the "bridge" over the outflow from the OW, 30/05/08. Still present 14/04/2016
941
Tristagma uniflorum
J6 opp. school by the bank/ditch near Northumberland Avenue, Wanstead Park, 05/04/08
942
Leucojum vernum
I6 by Woodlands Ave wayleave 05/02/05; still present 2014
943
Galanthus nivalis
M7 in Grotto enclosure, 20/03/80; L6 3 clumps in cleared scrub behind kiosk 15/02/95; K6 near ditch under maple, 15/02/95-02/03/09; L6 two clumps in scrub near kiosk, 15/02/97 same two clumps, behind pump - enclosure, on 22/02/09; M8 near edge of track just in River Wood, 04/02/09 (L.1941)
945
Narcissus spp.
K9 a few patches at the north end of Warren Wood, 29/04/79; L7, in wood just to east of keeper's lodge. L9, Numbers at the N. end of Lincoln Island.
949 Asparagus officinalis Asparagus
N7 by Ornamental Water at south arm, 2 July 2006
954 Iris pseudacorus Yellow Flag Iris
I6 east side and patch on west side of Shoulder of Mutton Pond; M6 in Dell, 07/06/81; introduced into Perch Pond by anglers, flowering in June 1996 (L.1941)
954 Iris foetidissima Stinking Iris
K/I9 in triangle at bottom of Florrie's Hill, known since about 2000, identified with berries 20/12/04; I7 a clump in Chalet Wood, 2009; H6 two clumps by wayleave, 19/01/2016
958 Crocus tommasinianus Early Crocus
I6, One flower at edge of Woodlands Ave. wayleave 18/03/79; a number in same location 05/02/05; many in two patches near junction of Northumberland & Park Roads each year; L6 by Northumberland Ave near Park gates 03/02/05; N8 on river bank just N. of east end of Canal, 27/02/09
958 Crocus spp. (C. purpularis) Purple Garden Crocus
I6 by Woodlands Avenue wayleave, 17/02/07
958 Crocus spp. (C. x stellaris) Yellow Garden Crocus
K9, NW corner of Warren Wood near the boundary fence with road, 11/03/78
958 Crocus sp. White Garden Crocus H6 or H7 by Woodlands Ave track, 25/02/06
958 Crocus nudiflorus Autumn Crocus I6, two flowers near Woodlands Ave. wayleave 07/10/2010
959 Gladiolus sp. Gladiolus N7, a plant at the east edge of the southern arm of the OW. 01/0612
961 Yucca [gloriosa] Yucca
L7 in grounds of Temple; cut down by Conservators in 1996, but shoots visible on 25/10/08
967 Epipactis helleborine
K7, 03/08/98; not seen since 2006, but in same location on 20/07/2011
For Part 1 - click here
For Part 2 - click here

 

Table of species not found in recent years with details of past records

In "Past Records", those shown in brackets relate to historical records of species not found in recent years. Those with no brackets are recent records where the species is thought to be no longer present.

Past (Historical) Records:

CC = Epping Forest Conservation Centre

EF = Flora of Essex (Jermyn)

L.1941 = Recorded by Gulielma Lister in her paper of 1941 (see here)

PEM = Passmore Edwards Museum

Forster = Edward Forster 1765-1849

 

 

Stace Species Common Name Past Record
11
Equisetum telmateia
Great Horsetail
("Wanstead", Forster.; The Flora of Essex 1862)
24
Asplenium adiantium-nigrum
Black Spleenwort
H6 on rear wall of house in Woodlands Avenue wayleave 08/12/2008 (J.Charter) Wall removed and plant gone by 2010
27
Athyrium filix-femina
Lady Fern
(EF: 41-87 Wanstead Park)
35
Dryopteris borreri
Golden-scaled Male Fern
(EF: 48 Wanstead Park)
45
Pinus strobus
Weymouth Pine
L8 a tree at south edge of the Glade. This was blown down in strong winds on 18 January 2007
45
Pinus sylvestris
Scots Pine
(L.1941) L9 a tree on Lincoln Island was dead in 1991
90
Ranunculus flammula
Lesser Spearwort
(PEM: JF.1838 Wanstead)
93
Ranunculus aquatilis
Water Crowfoot
(L.1941)
116
Humulus lupulus
Hop
(L.1941) Not found 1981
123
Quercus x rosacea
Hybrid Oak
(EF:, 4187 Wanstead Park)
123
Quercus rubra
Red Oak
L7 a tree at west edge of Temple enclosure; cut down in 1996
170
Illecebrum verticillatum
Coral-necklace
(Bund Area E.Lloyd 1974, EF Conservation Centre record)
187
Fallopia convolvulus
Black Bindweed
(L.1941)
252
Erysimum cheiranthoides
Treacle Mustard
(L.1941)
288
Calluna vulgaris
Heather
(EF: 41-87 Wanstead Park.) Not found in 1981
300
Lysimachia nummmularia
Creeping Jenny
(L.1941) Not found 1981
306
Ribes rubrum
Red Currant
(L.1941)
330
Rubus.
Blackberry
(Wanstead Park, Forster.; The Flora of Essex 1862)
344
Rubus caesius
Dewberry
(L.1941)
344
Potentilla anglica
Trailing Tormentil
(L.1941)
425
Trifolium hybridum
Alsike Clover
(L.1941)
431
Trifolium subterraneum
SubterraneumTrefoil
(Wanstead Park, Forster., The Flora of Essex 1862)
432
Lupinus sp.
Lupin
(EF: 48 Wanstead, waste ground near Park)
439
Myriophyllum alterniflorum
Alternate-flowered Water-milfoil
(L.1941)
446
Epilobium lanceolatum
Spear-leaved Willow-herb
(L.1941)
454
Aucuba japonica
Spotted Laurel
L7 planted as part of hedge around Temple on south side. Now removed
475
Oxalis acetosella
Wood Sorrel
(Warren Wood 1975 CP)
506
Oenanthe aquatica
Fine-leaved Water-Dropwort
(L.1941)
517
Torilis japonica
Hedge Parsley
(L.1941)
564
Teucrium scorodonia
Wood Sage
(L.1941) Not found 1981; (CC: E. Lloyd, Chalet Wood area)
567
Prunella vulgaris
Self-Heal
(L.1941)
662
Succisa pratensis
Devil's-bit Scabious
(L.1941)
687
Leontodon autumnalis
Autumn Hawkbit
(L.1941) Not found in 1981
732
Chamaemelum nobile
Camomile
(L.1941)
733
Anthemis cotula
Stinking Mayweed
(L.1941)
742 Senecio viscosus Stinking Groundsel (L.1941) Not found in 1981
747
Petasites hybridus
Butterbur
(L.1941)
751 Helianthus annuus Sunflower L8 a plant on the mound in Warren Wood, 12/08/78; another in bomb crater by Chalet Wood 01/09/04
757
Eupatorium cannabinum
Hemp Agrimony
(L.1941)
772
Potamogeton obtusifolius
Grassy Pondweed
(G.Lister, Sept 1932; EF: 4087 Lake, Wanstead Park, 1940, A.B.Jackson; 1953, G. Taylor)
772
Potamogeton pusillus
Lesser Pondweed
EF: 4087 Lake, Wanstead Park, 1953; G.Taylor)
779
Lemna gibba
Gibbous Duckweed
(L.1941)
784
Juncus squarossus
Heath Rush
(L.1941)
788
Juncus acutiflorus
Sharp-flowered Rush
CC: Bund area, E. Lloyd)
800
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Grey Clubrush
(EF: 41-88 Wanstead Park)
814
Carex echinata
Star Sedge
(L.1941) Not found 1981
816
Carex pseudocyperus
Cyperus Sedge
(L.1941)
816
Carex sylvatica
Wood Sedge
(EFCC Glade Area , E. Lloyd 1974)
822
Carex acuta
Tufted Sedge
(L.1941)
844
Festuca pratensis
Meadow Fescue
(L.1941) Not recorded in 1981
845
Festuca gigantea
Tall Brome
(L.1941)
849
Festuca ovina
Sheep's Fescue
(L.1941) Not recorded in 1981
865
Avena fatua
Wild Oat
(L.1941)
874
Agrostis stolonifera
Creeping Bent
(L.1941)
891
Brachypodium sylvaticum
Slender False-brome
(L.1941)
900
Molinia caerulea subsp. caerulea
Purple Moor-grass
(EF: 41-87 Wanstead Park)
946
Narcissus poeticus ssp. poeticus
Poet's Narcissus
(L9, north end of Lincoln Island, 19/04/78; not thought to be still present in 2010)
948
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Wild Daffodil
(L9, at north end of Lincoln Island; part of the show of Daffodils there on 29/03/78. They did not appear to be present in April 2005)
975
Dactylorhiza maculata
Spotted Orchid
L/M8 south side of Glade approx. 1/4 way up from OW in grass/clover/buttercups - not seen in recent years

 

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