News of wildlife and other issues
Update on the Wanstead Flats fire - 16/10/2018
Three months after the fire – which was the biggest-ever grass fire in the London area – I revisited that part of the Flats closer to where the fire began, and much of which is an SSSI (Site of Special Scientific Interest). I believe it was granted this designation because of some rather special insect species – including mining bees – that live there, and of course the reason that such specialised creatures live there is because of the habitat in general.
This area has large areas of Gorse Ulex europaeus, and is also the prime site – just about the only site – on the Flats where Heather Calluna vulgaris is still present. For some years management of of top layers of soil has taken place in an attempt to encourage the Heather, and indeed this has shown an increase over these years. Fires are often deliberately started on heather moorland to promote new growth of this and grass species to provide fodder, so the Flats fire may be beneficial, though this will depend on how deeply the fire penetrated into the soil. Gorse also burns very readily, but is also good at regenerating. Previous fires on this part of the Flats – which occur to some extent almost annually, have not led in the long run to any diminution of the amount of Gorse present. Tufted Hair-grass, Deschampsia cespitosa, is a significant grass-species in this area, and there is a considerable amount of Silver Birch Betula pendula, mainly originating from suckers, which is proving to be very invasive.
All of these species, and many others too, were considerably affected by the fire. I could find no Heather that had not been touched and was any more than blackened twigs. Similarly the Gorse, although there are still numerous patches in areas that the fire did not reach. That is true also of the Silver Birch, which although much of it was burnt to blackened and dead saplings, is still present in untouched areas. The Tufted Hair-grass – apart from that outside the fire-affected area – was completely burnt away, but just a week or so after the fire I had seen green shoots of this resilient species showing at the base of the charred mini-mounds that the grass forms.
On my return visit three months later, the Tufted Hair-grass was growing well, Silver Birch had newly-formed leaves at the base of supposedly dead saplings, and there was lots of bright green patches of a Polytrichum moss, commonly called Haircap Moss, which is also prevalent around this area.
Of the Heather there was still no sign of growth, but I did pay particular attention to those plants that were more evidently actually flowering. At some time after the fire, it seems that a machine had been used on the southern edge of the burnt area. I believe that this may not actually be a designated part of the SSSI, so perhaps it was thought that some – perhaps experimental – remedial work be may be done on the charred soil here, rather than on the SSSI? The machine was – I suppose – some form of rotovator, to break up the compacted topsoil. This – or a similar machine – was also used more extensively on the burnt areas to the east of Centre Road, i.e. not on the SSSI.Most striking on my visit, when I crossed Centre Road towards the Fairground site and walked north parallel to Centre Road to the ploughed area, was the delicate yellow flowers of Common Toadflax Linaria vulgaris, bright against the broken and darkened soil. There were some considerable groups of these. Other noticeable species, in flower, were Groundsel Senecio vulgaris, White Campion Silene latifolia, Fat Hen Chenopodium album, plenty of Creeping Thistle Cirsium arvense – but not many flowers – some Creeping Cinquefoil Potentilla reptans, Petty Spurge Euphorbia peplus and – not surprisingly and quite aptly – Rosebay Willowherb Chamerion angustifolium, known as Fireweed.
The roadside verge adjacent to the west side Centre Road had made considerable recovery, looking quite green and with numerous plants in flower. These included - apart from those species already mentioned - Common Chickweed Stellaria media, Red Campion Silene dioica, a single plant of Flax Linum sp. (possibly L. usitatissimum) and a nice specimum of Thorn Apple Datura stramonium - the first record of which from Wanstead Flats.
For a report on the fire itself, with photographs taken at the time, Click Here
Paul Ferris, 16th October 2018
The Wanstead Flats Fire
Those of us living anywhere in the vicinity of Wanstead Flats, and even much further afield, will probably be aware that there was a major grass-fire on the Flats beginning at about 4pm on Sunday 15th July, 2018. This was severe enough to be mentioned on various news programmes, radio and television, in the London area and elsewhere. It was stated that 225 personnel and 40 vehicles were in attendance to deal with it. This was the largest grass fire ever recorded in the London area and - with 40 vehicles in attendance - one of only three fires in London in 2018 to have as much resources used in dealing with it.
I had said just the day before to friends that I was surprised there hadn't been fires earlier. After all, it's an annual event. I have often thought at this time of year – and particularly at weekends – that there ought to be patrols out on the Flats (and in Wanstead Park) warning people against their barbecues, and keeping an eye out for problems in general. That could include litter warnings, too – because even on the news there was the usual explanation that discarded bottles could have caused it. They never mention that matches could have caused it. (cynic that I am). Of course, the City of London (i.e. the Conservators of Epping Forest) resources are just not available, but just look at the cost because they are not. All those fried grasshoppers and cooked snails! And the monetary cost of all that fire-fighting equipment and manpower, the police helicopter flying round and round (and all the pollution from that). There is a health cost, too. I slept (not much) with all my windows closed because of the smoke, and people with lung and breathing problems may well have suffered.
Realising that major damage would have been done to such vegetation as grasses, broom, gorse and the relatively small but increasing area of heather, I was afraid that some of the trees in the copses may have also have been damaged severely, but they seem to have survived okay. The worst tree-damage appeared to be along the west side of Centre Road, presumably where the fire "jumped" the road. I think Long Wood is pretty much okay, but there may be some superficial damage along the southern edge. The Coronation (1953) Plantation also survived. Again, there may be some damage along its northern edge, because the firefighters were still damping or trampling down smouldering patches immediately adjacent, that is to say between the plantation and Aldersbrook Farm Wood (the petrol station trees). That grass is as far east as the fire reached. The football pitches stopped it jumping to the grassland south of Alexandra Lake and beyond.
It looks to me – as has been suggested – that the fire may have begun somewhere between Blake Hall Road and the Fairground site, I estimate somewhere opposite the Belgrave Road wayleave. That means much of the SSSI is just blackened remnants of vegetation, with lots of dead grasshoppers to be seen. Surprisingly, the hedgerow and grass parallel with the track alongside Blake Hall Road has survived. The Heather has not.
The major area east of Centre Road – has been affected just around perimeter of the model aircraft area, but much more so to the east of that, and nearly to Long Wood and across to the Coronation Plantation. As I said, all the copses seem okay. This is part of the Skylark’s main breeding area. Meadow Pipits, too. There were some Skylarks singing. Not all of their nesting territory has been damaged, so they still have a chance next year, though I did encounter one on a track that – even apart from its awareness of me – seemed distraught. And on the day of the fire I heard a Skylark and a Meadow Pipit near Alexandra Lake whilst the fire was blazing further west on Sunday. These may have been displaced individuals. The Skylarks here are a very important population in the London area, and have been decreasing in recent years. The hope is, of course, that there will be enough nesting sites for them next Spring.
All in all, though, fire is a natural phenomena – however it began (probably through some form of human agency) - and although distressing and concerning regarding environment and wildlife, things will recover. It might even do it good – especially if opportunity was undertaken to clear some of the long-remaining litter now exposed. The effect, however, might be profound – especially if it destroys the Skylark and Meadow Pipits's continued habitation
I had a message that Alexandra Lake had been used as a water-supply. It was already low, and I was later told that the fire-service was pumping water into the lake on Monday afternoon, to replenish it somewhat. With regard water, the fire has exposed the ditch that runs parallel to the west side of Centre Road. Blocked pipes/conduits are visible, which presumably should have been taking rain-water off the road. That ditch used to have water in, and was great for mosses etc. It has been abandoned, and hence adds to the drying out of the Flats. I have complained about this for years. Now could be an opportunity to re-dig it, re-establish the drains and get a bit of water back. Doubtless, that opportunity won't be taken.
Paul Ferris, 16th July 2018 (For an update on the regrowth following the fire, Click Here)
Bees and Honey
A couple of days ago, on 13th June 2018, I walked across Wanstead Flats after meeting with Tony Morrison, the Wren Conservation Group’s newsletter editor. We hadn’t been discussing newsletters or editing, nor anything to do with wildlife or conservation, but rather the sad closure of our local bus-stop, courtesy of Newham Council. It is not only wildlife that can suffer cuts.
We wondered what was going on down by Alexandra Lake, and I went to the few people there, who had chucked a bicycle into the lake and were erecting some structures which seemed to relate to an abandoned children's playground. I asked them what they were doing, and “Filming” was their answer, but for what film they wouldn’t say. They assured me that they had a license from the Conservators of Epping Forest, so that must be alright.
Strolling back home on a track across the rough grassland just south of the sand-hills that give the lake its alternative, if local, name – i.e. the Sandhills Pond – I was enraptured (if that isn’t too spiritual a term) by all the forms of grasses, the yellow flowers growing amongst them, the other-coloured ones too, and the sound of a skylark ascending not so high into the heavens (if that isn’t too poetic and spiritual a description) that I could stand and watch as well as listen. It was just one of those nice days and gentle experiences.
The following day the whole area was “swamped” with vehicles and personnel. The rest of the film crew had joined in. Tony said to me that “there were more vehicles in the area than on the M25...!!!”
With disgust and sadness I sent a brief email to Tim Harris, Chairman of the Wren Group. It said little more than “Skylarks yesterday, film crew today.”
Unexpectedly, and shortly after, I received a phone call from Martin Newnham, Head Keeper for Epping Forest, just checking on my observation and confirming that they had been given permission to film there. I explained that that was rather unfortunate, as the skylark I’d seen the day before might not be too happy. I certainly wasn’t too happy, and I’m not even a skylark.
Then followed a rash of emails, primarily sent to Tim, who copied them on to me. More and more people seemed to be getting involved. I responded to one from Geoff Sinclair – Head of Operations – in which he stated that the film crew “are in an area…. well away from the ‘Skylark nesting area’."
I felt I ought to respond to this and explained that although well away from the main nesting area, this relatively small patch has for years provided a nesting area for one pair. Also, that it wasn’t just the skylarks that might be disturbed, but because of the nature of the soils there (sand and gravels) there were other aspects at risk, including plants and mining bees.
Both Tim and I were saddened, disappointed and concerned that after years of providing information about habitats and wildlife to the Conservators of Epping Forest, this seemed to have been disregarded in favour of income. Bees and Honey.
Well, it is easy to turn ones disappointment into a rant. Perhaps that’s why for a good few years now I have (almost) stopped banging my head against a solid Forest wall. That hurts.
The last email I received, also addressed to Tim, was a very understanding one from Geoff Sinclair. I was really pleased to receive that, because in effect it was an admission and apology for getting things wrong in licensing that film shot, and a "thank you" for bringing the matter to his attention. In addition, Geoff suggested that, following this incident, it might be in order to investigate how things might be done better in the future, particularly – perhaps – taking local knowledge into account.
By Friday the massed personnel, vehicles, broken swing, abandoned bike and filming frame were all gone. There were a couple of holes (too big to have been made by mining bees) where a see-saw once stood, some flattened grass and some cigarette butts. Of course, those may have been left by any visitor. But also left behind was a very apt artefact. It was a plinth – looking like stone but actually, I think, wood – which had a plaque on it. This read (word for word, spelling for spelling) This nature preserve was made possible by the generous donation of THE GLENGROVE HOUSE MEMORIAL TRUST. Well, fancy donating a jammy Glengrove House Memorial Trust to the Forest! And it has spread out some grass, too. Hold on: there are the mining-bees, and then there is fly-tipping...
And what of the Skylarks? I didn’t hear them on a visit the day after, but that doesn’t mean that they are not there. However, during 2009 and 2010 Thames Water Authority installed an underground pipe-line intended to carry water from a bore-hole in the Old Sewage Works (Aldersbrook Exchange Lands) to the Redbridge Water Treatment works near Redbridge roundabout. This involved using a large machine named the Longborer to create a horizontal bore to carry the pipe, under the south arm of the Ornamental Water and across the Plain. Now, up until then there had annually been a pair of larks nesting on the Plain. Apart from here there isn’t much else of a suitable habitat in Wanstead Park for Skylarks, so just one pair had enough room for a territory. After the disturbance caused by that boring, the Skylarks have never returned to the Park. It takes only one disturbance to finish things off.
And the title of the film? Tim suggested it might be called “The Lark Descending”?
Paul Ferris MBNA, 15th June 2018
Photos by Paul Ferris and Tony Morrison
These include a variety of organisms observed under the microscope, and which do not necessarily fit into any of the groups separately dealt with on the website. In many - if not most - instances I do not have the expertise to offer a confident identification. In fact, I may be way off!
I have listed them (below) in scientific order as far as I have been able. Each is referred to by its scientific name - but rarely down to Genus and Species. I have included a common name, either by which it may be more commonly known (e.g. 'a rotifer') if it has one, or at least something to which it may be referred.
The photographs have been labeled with the date photographed, and the location. All of the photographs were taken by myself. Click on the name in the first column (Species or Order) for a photograph, or CLICK HERE for the first in the series of photographs. There may also be pop-up notes available. (click on 'Notes' at the bottom left corner)
I haven't yet included thumbnails for photos, just a sequence of larger-scaled images.
|Species or Order
||Common Name||Type of Organism (inc. Class)
||Location and Date of find
|Amoeba sp.||Amoeba||Amoebozoa||Capel Road garden, 10/12/2015|
|Centropyxis (aculeata)||Testate Amoeba||Amoebozoa||Harpenden Road garden, 01/01/2018|
|Chaos sp.||Amoeba||Amoebozoa||Capel Road garden, 10/01/2018|
|Difflugia sp.||Testate Amoeba||Amoebozoa||Capel Road garden, 11/01/2018|
||Sun Animicule||Heliozoa||Harpenden Road Pond, 09/04/2018|
|Heliozoa (Order)||Sun Animicule||Heliozoa||Capel Road garden, 03/12/2015|
|Amphileptus sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Ciliophora||Capel Road garden, 09/04/2018|
|Colpoda sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Colpodea||Capel Road garden, 19/11/2015|
|Paramecium sp.||Unicellular Ciliate||Oligohymenophorea||Capel Road garden, 02/12/2015|
|Colpidium sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Oligohymenophorea||Capel Road garden, 02/12/2015|
|Vorticella sp.||Stalked Ciliate||Oligohymenophorea||Capel Road garden, 27/11/2015|
|Vorticella sp.||Stalked Ciliate||Oligohymenophorea||Capel Road garden, 12/01/2018|
|Carchesium sp.||Colonial Ciliate||Oligohymenophorea||Capel Road garden, 15/11/2015|
|Urocentrum (turbo)||Free-swimming Ciliate||Oligohymenophorea||Perch Pond 27/01/2018|
|Caenomorpha medusula||Free-swimming Ciliate||Heterotrichea||Northumberland Ave. garden, 27/01/2018|
|Stentor sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Heterotrichea||Capel Road garden, 09/04/2018|
|Stylonychia sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Hypotrichea||Capel Road garden, 17/11/2015|
|Euplotes sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Spirotrichea||Capel Road garden, 10/12/2015|
|Strombidium sp.||Unicellular Ciliate||Oligotrichea||Capel Road garden, 02/12/2015|
|Gastrotricha (Phyllum)||Hairyback||Gastrotricha (Phyllum)||Capel Road garden pond, 13/01/2018|
|Chaetonotus sp. ?||Hairyback||Gastrotricha (Phyllum)||Capel Road garden pond, 18/01/2018|
|Nematode (Phyllum)||Nematode||Nematoda (Phyllum)||Capel Road garden, 27/11/2015|
|Rotifer (Brachionus ?)||Rotifer||Rotifera (Phyllum)||Capel Road garden, 28/11/2015|
|Brachionus sp.||Rotifer||Rotifera (Phyllum)||Capel Road garden, 29/11/2015|
|Habrotrocha sp.||Rotifer||Rotifera (Phyllum)||Capel Road garden, 08/11/2015|
|Keratella sp.||Rotifer||Rotifera (Phyllum)||Capel Road garden, 23/03/2018|
|Ploima (Order)||Rotifer||Rotifera (Phyllum)
||Capel Road garden, 01/12/2015|
|Macrobiotus sp.||Tardigrade (Water Bear)||Tardigrada (Phyllum)||Capel Road garden, 18/12/2017|
for 2014 additions, click HERE
for 2015 additions, click HERE
for 2016 additions, click HERE
for 2017 additions, click HERE
This is a list of species newly entered (or shortly to be entered) onto the website. Clicking on the species name should take you to a photograph if one is available.
* in some cases the entry was made some time after the species was found. This may be due to a new identification or a previous mis-identification, or even a simple omission! The original find-date is is indicated within brackets.
All examples found by myself unless otherwise indicated. Please note that many of these identifications are tentative, and have not been verified.
|Species||Common Name||Type of Organism||Date of find or entry*||Found by:|
|Creolophus cirrhatus||Tiered Tooth||Fungus||21/11/2018|
|Linum usitatissimum||Common Flax||Plant||19/10/2018|
|Stictopleurus sp. ?||a bug||Insect||17/10/2018 (04/06/2016)|
|Reduvius personatus||Assassin Bug||Insect||15/10/2018 (11/07/2008)|
|Nezara viridula||Southern Green Shield Bug||Insect||11/10/2018|
|Trachemys scripta scripta||Yellow-bellied Slider||Reptile||01/07/2018|
|Lepidium ruderale||Narrow-leaved Pepperwort||Plant||25/06/2018|
|Seioptera vibrans||a picture-wing fly||Insect||06/06/2018|
|Ankistrodesmus gracilis (poss.)||Colonial alga||Alga||24/04/2018 (18/04/2018)|
|Spirostomum sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||20/04/2018 (23/03/2018)|
|Eudorina sp.||Colonial alga||Alga||18/04/2018|
|Gonium sp.||Colonial alga||Alga||18/04/2018|
|Cosmarium sp.||Desmid||Alga||16/04/2018 (13/01/2018)|
|Urocentrum (turbo)||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||15/04/2018 (27/01/2018)|
|Euplotes sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||09/04/2018|
|Stentor (coeruleus)||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||09/04/2018|
|Coelastrum sp.||Colonial alga||Alga||09/04/2018|
|Chaetonotus sp. ?||Hairyback||Gastrotriche||18/01/2018|
|Amoeba sp.||Amoeba||Protozoan||31/03/2018 (10/12/2015)|
|Euglena sp.||Euglena Flagellate||Alga||29/03/2018|
|Caenomorpha medusula||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||27/01/2018|
|Ploima (Order)||Rotifer||Protozoan||27/01/2018 (18/12/2017)|
|Habrotrocha sp.||Rotifer||Protozoan||27/01/2018 (01/12/2015)|
|Brachionus sp.||Rotifer||Protozoan||27/01/2018 (08/11/2015)|
|Ostracod (Class)||Seed Shrimp||Crustacean||27/01/2018 (08/04/2016)|
|Vorticella sp.||Ciliate||Protozoan||26/01/2018 (27/11/2015)|
|Stylonychia sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||25/01/2018 (17/11/2015)|
|Strombidium sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||25/01/2018 (02/12/2015)|
|Paramecium sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||25/01/2018 (02/12/2015)|
|Colpoda sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||25/01/2018 (19/11/2015)|
|Colpidium sp.||Free-swimming Ciliate||Protozoan||25/01/2018 (02/12/2015)|
|Carchesium sp.||Colonial Ciliate||Protozoan||25/01/2018 (15/11/2015)|
|Heliozoa (Order)||Sun-Animicule||Protozoan||24/01/2018 (03/12/2015)|
|Cladocera (Order)||Water Flea||Crustacean||24/01/2018 (12/11/2015)|
|Peridinium sp.||Flagellate||Alga||23/01/2018 (19/11/2015)|
|Nitzschia sp.||Diatom||Alga||23/01/2018 (29/11/2015)|
|Gymnodinium sp. ?||Flagellate||Alga||22/01/2018 (27/12/2017)|
|Cylindrocapsa sp.||Green Algae||Alga||22/01/2018 (18/12/2017)|
|Volvox sp.||Globe Algae||Alga||22/01/2018 (17/12/2017)|
|Cladophora sp.||Green Algae||Alga||22/01/2018 (09/10/2015)|
|Difflugia sp.||Testate Amoeba||Protozoan||11/01/2018|
|Phacus sp.||Euglena Flagellate||Alga||08/01/2018|
|Cyclops (Nauplius)||Water Flea larva (Nauplius)||Crustacean||06/01/2018|
|Centropyxis sp. (possibly C. aculeata)||Testate Amoeba||Protozoan||01/01/2018|
|Euglena sp.||Euglena Flagellate||Alga||01/01/2018|
|Pediastrum sp.||Green Algae||Alga||01/01/2018|
|Trachelomonas sp.||Euglena Flagellate||Alga||01/01/2018|
|Scenedesmus sp.||Green Algae||Alga||01/01/2018|
|Scenedesmus sp.||Green Algae||Alga||01/01/2018|
|Spirogyra sp.||Green Algae||Alga||01/01/2018|
|Ulothrix sp.||Green Algae||Alga||01/01/2018|
|Ulotrichales (Order)||Green Algae||Alga||01/01/2018|
|Uroglena sp.||Colonial Algae||Alga||01/01/2018|
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